Prince Edward Island (aka PEI) is the smallest province in both land area, about 2200 sq. mi. (slightly larger than than the state of Delaware), and population, approximately 145,000. The backbone of the economy is farming and it produces 25% of Canada's potatoes. PEI is one of Canada's older settlements and demographically still reflects older immigration to the country with Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and French surnames dominant to this day. Charlottetown is the capital.
Anne of Green Gables is a 1908 novel by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery. Written for all ages, it has been considered a children's novel since the mid-twentieth century. This much read novel recounts the adventures of Anne Shirley, an 11-year-old orphan girl who was adopted by Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert, a middle-aged brother and sister who had intended to adopt a boy to help them on their farm on Prince Edward Island. The novel recounts how Anne makes her way with the Cuthberts, in school, and within the town.
The home and grounds did not exist at the time the book was written, but were created to represent the home as described in the book.