Reindeer are important to culture and family is central. You do not ask Sami how many reindeer they own. That is considered the height of rudeness. Their extensive herds are allowed to roam, but are gathered and ear marked in the spring then allowed to roam again for the summer. They are gathered again in October for slaughter. Every part of the reindeer is used for food, household goods or clothing.
Like many indigenous peoples, they have their issues - alcohol abuse and their relationship to the nation states they are a part of. There are several distinct Sami groups. These elect a Sami Parliament within each country which interacts with the country’s parliament to ensure their interests are met. There is also an inter-national Sami Parliament which meets with representatives of Sami’s in each county - Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia. Complicated? Yes!